Types of Tyres: Their Pros and Cons
Take a quick look at the automobile industry and you will find that there is nothing more complex and confusing than the types of tyre that are available out there. From highway tyres to mud tyres — the type of tread and groove is different in each one.
But once you know what the different type of tyres are and what is their purpose, the decision of choosing the right tyres does not seem daunting. You need to begin by identifying your driving needs.
We have garnered information on the popular types of tyres including their pros and cons, which will help you in making your decision.
Highway Tyres
Highway tyres are mainly designed to produce a better performance on paved roads and highways. You can find highway tyres for sedans, SUVs and trucks. These come with a long mileage warranty. Offering smooth and quiet rides — highway tyres provide better handling. Mostly, there are independent tread blocks and various grooves around the tyres. Some highway tyres also have the capability to survive in every weather.
        Highway tyres have a tread design that maximises traction on paved roads and offers more tread life
        These feature grooves remove water from under the tire which makes them perform well in the rainy weather
        With a smooth and quiet ride, they are also economic in fuel consumption
        As the tread in these tyres is not aggressive, the handling and cornering is excellent
        While they are good for wet roads, the tread of the highway terrain tyres doesn’t grip well in heavy snow
        As the grooves and void space between the tread is not large, the performance is not ideal in off-roading conditions
Mud Tyres
If most of your time is spent driving on tough terrains like rocky roads and uneven sand dunes, then mud tyres are ideal for you. The tread blocks in these tyres are larger which help clear mud and loose soil from beneath the rubber.
        Perfect traction in all kinds of tough terrains
        The endurable tread in mud tyres make them puncture-resistant
        Driving in normal condition or perfectly paved roads can produce blaring noises
        Similarly, as the tread is not designed for highways — the handling will reduce on paved roads
All-terrain tyres
All-terrain tyres are perfect for people who commute on highways and spend time driving off-road as well. The tread of all-terrain tyres is meticulously crafted to provide optimal grip on multiple surfaces including highways, paved streets, mud and even rocks.
        These perform better in all seasons including summer and winter. However, all-terrain tyres don’t perform better on heavy snowfall or in extremely hot weather
        Reinforced sidewalls increase the capability of carrying heavier loads on different conditions
        The performance of all-terrain tyres does not decrease on heavier vehicles
        These tyres have symmetrical grooves, which enable the air to pass through them. As a result, noise is loud when driving
        Containing soft rubber — the tread in all-terrain tyres is aggressive. It wears out much quicker than highway tyres
        The fuel-efficiency of these tires is low
Light Truck Tyres
Light truck tyres are designed for heavier vehicles. Available in various sizes, these tyres have a better ability to haul heavy loads and cargo. The rubber in light truck tyres provide better traction than standard car tyres because there is more mass in the tyre which enables it to make better contact with the road.
These are mostly used in small trucks, buses and large-sized SUVs. Light truck tires are available for different seasons including winter and summer.
        Preventing the rubber from hydroplaning — the performance of light truck tires is excellent on wet roads
        These have increased road-handling and better corner ability
        These perform better in off-road conditions.
        Increased braking distance as the tyres are heavier in weight
        Another con that comes with more weight is that there is more fuel consumption as the engine has to put in more effort.

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