magento

Introduction

Since the game of online shopping has been acting up, marketers have also started keeping their faith in various advanced tools and platforms. And Magento is one of the world-class e-commerce platforms that enables you to create a fully working online store.

Magento-2 is a more advanced version of the old one with additional features and capabilities. Since June 2020, Magento-1 has been out of support, which means there will be no security or upgrade releases. Therefore, its advisable and better that all Magento merchants migrate their stores from old to the latest version.

Many Magento merchants are hesitant to migrate due to the difficulties associated with the process. However, Magento-2’s potential is significantly greater than its complications.

If you are one of the clueless business owners, start looking out for the assistance from Magento developers or development companies before your website slows down and increases the vulnerability to cyberattacks.

And in case you’re a “Do-it-yourself” person, I’ll be providing you with a complete guide to Magento-2 Migration in this article. This will assist you in migrating your store to Magento-2 easily.

For the time being, let us discuss what are the things you may consider before migration and steps to migration!

Table of Content:

  • Introduction
  • Things To Consider Before Migrating to Magento-2
    • Create a migration strategy
    • Functionality analysis
    • Conduct an audit of your extension and code migrations
    • Do not sweat data
    • Some manual imports
    • Conduct a review of the store’s SEO and technical optimization
    • Concerns about performance and testing
  • Magento-2 Migration Process
    • Step 1: Install Magento
    • Step 2: Install Data Migration Tool
    • Step 3: Configure Data Migration Tool
    • Step 4: Settings Migration
    • Step 5: Data Migration
    • Step 6: Delta Migration
    • Step 7: Test, Check, and Verify
  • Conclusion

Things To Consider Before Migrating to Magento-2

Migrating from Magento-1 to Magento-2 entails a number of significant changes, including database structure modifications, theme changes, and dealing with a new API. As a business owner, all you want is for migration to be carefully managed so that no data is lost or downtime occurs. As a result, here are a few points to consider.

(NOTE: At the same time, consider upgrading your website. It is the ideal opportunity to make significant modifications to your eCommerce website, preparing it for digital growth.)

1. Create a migration strategy

Given the intricacy of Magento conversion, all steps must be meticulously prepared in advance. Compiling a list of all the stages necessary to bring a notion to fruition will serve as both a checklist and a flowchart. Additionally, this will guide you through the migration steps.

2. Functionality analysis

Any type of migration provides a chance to delve into the intricacies of your website’s functionality. Due to the fact that Magento-2 has a greater number of native capabilities that require relatively few third-party extensions, now is the ideal moment to audit your functions and eliminate redundancies.

Also, you must consider the fact that each code upgrade involves time and money, both for development and testing. If you discover a piece of code or function that is hardly used during analysis, consider removing it completely or reducing it.

3. Conduct an audit of your extension and code migrations

If your website requires extensions that are not native to Magento-2, you must plan for their replacement.

Due to the full redesign of the architecture, Magento-1 extensions are unlikely to be compatible with Magento-2. There is a code migration tool that assists in the conversion of certain custom magento development programmes and extensions, but not totally.

Additionally, if you want an extension with specific functionality, it will need to be built for Magento-2. There are several outstanding offshore Magento development services available to assist you in developing the optimal solution.

4. Do not sweat data

A benefit of this migration is that a large portion of your data does not need to be manually relocated. Magento-2 has a data migration tool.

This programme utilizes map files to ensure that your database structures are consistent while importing customer and product data to your new site. Additionally, the programme monitors the whole data transfer process, performs multiple verification checks, and generates logs to assist in resolving any issues that may develop.

5. Some manual imports

Regrettably, nothing can be moved automatically or with the use of tools. All media assets (pictures and videos) on your website cannot be used as product data.

You will need to manually relocate these files throughout the migrating process. Additionally, the manual transfer procedure comprises the design of the storefront, the creation of admin and user accounts, and the creation of access control lists.

The best course of action is to form a professional team and properly handle all migrations.

6. Conduct a review of the store’s SEO and technical optimization

As we know, the architecture has changed significantly, and as a result, you must run through an eCommerce SEO checklist to prevent any traps that might negatively impact the organic visibility of your site’s content and product pages.

  • While conducting an evaluation of the optimization, keep the following in mind:
  • Meta tags are assigned to each product and category.
  • SEO-friendly URLs increase the visibility of items.
  • Prefixes and suffixes are acceptable for title tags.
  • Verify that goods and categories have canonical tags.
  • Is the path category specified in the Url correct?
  • Whether microdata or rich snippets are used correctly?
  • Each medium is optimally adjusted.
  • Examine the internal links to ensure they are active and functioning correctly.

7. Concerns about performance and testing

The likelihood of encountering complications with Magento-2 migrations is significant, as you are moving to a totally new platform. In terms of architecture and structure, it is novel. Even with meticulous preparation and awareness of gray areas, difficulties may arise, which is why testing is critical.

If any performance issues remain, they will be addressed throughout the testing period.

Another critical point that organizations usually raise is if Magento transfer takes too long. Let us investigate.

Magento-2 Migration Process

I would recommend creating a backup of your Magento-1 shop prior to initiating the conversion to minimize data loss.

Prerequisites

Software Requirements

Magento will not function correctly with out-of-date software. As a result, you must ensure that you have the most up-to-date software installed in order to run your Magento business efficiently.

Data Migration Tool Requirements

Data Migration Tool is a command-line interface (CLI) that assists users in moving data from Magento-1 to Magento-2. I will discuss data migration later in this article using the Data Migration Tool. However, you will require a few requirements in order to utilise the data migration programme.

Before installing the Data Migration Tool, you must have the newest version of the composer downloaded to your PC.

Step 1: Install Magento

Magento’s newest version should be installed on your local host or server.

Step 2: Install Data Migration Tool

  • Execute the commands below.
  1. composer config repositories.magento composer https://repo.magento.com
  2. composer require magento/data-migration-tool:2.4.3

Note: The second command specifies the Magento-2 platform version as 2.4.3. You must specify the version of Windows that is currently installed on your machine.

Now, the system will prompt you for your authentication credentials.

  • Select Access Keys from the My Products option in your Magento Marketplace Account.
  • Create a new Access Key or use one that already exists. Your Username will be your Public Key, and your Password will be your Private Key.
  • Once the information is added, the Data Migration Tool may be successfully installed.

Step 3: Configure Data Migration Tool

  • To begin, determine the current version of Magento-1.
  • Then navigate to the root directory of Magento-2 and locate the following directory:

vendor/magento/data-migration-tool/etc/opensource-to-opensource/<current_magento1_version>/config.xml

As an example, if your current Magento-1 version is 1.9.2.3, you must go through,

vendor/magento/data-migration-tool/etc/opensource-to-opensource/1.9.2.3/config.xml

Now open config.xml and locate the following code block:

 

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<source>

<database host=”localhost” name=”your_m1_db” user=”your_user” password=”your_password” />

</source>

<destination>

<database host=”localhost” name=”your_m2_db” user=”your_user” password=”your_password” />

</destination>

 

Change the crypt key.

 

Locate the following code in your config.xml file.

 

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Your M1 crypt key may be found in the app/etc/local.xml file located in the root directory of your Magento-1 site.

 

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<config>

<global>

<install>

<date><![CDATA[Sun, 24 Jan 2016 13:58:47 +0000]]></date>

</install>

<crypt>

<key><![CDATA[CRYPT_KEY_OF_M1_SITE]]></key>

</crypt>

 

Copy this CRYPT KEY OF M1 SITE to the crypt key in Magento-2’s config.xml file.

Step 4: Settings Migration

The Data Migration Tool’s Settings mode will migrate store and system configuration settings from Magento-1 to Magento-2.

To migrate your settings, run the following command in your terminal:

php bin/magento migrate:settings -a vendor/magento/data-migration-tool/etc/opensource-to-opensource/your_magento1_version/config.xml

Step 5: Data Migration

The Data Migration Tool’s Data mode will migrate data from a Magento-1 database to a Magento-2 database.

To perform data migration, run the following command in your terminal:

php bin/magento migrate:data -a vendor/magento/data-migration-tool/etc/opensource-to-opensource/your_magento1_version/config.xml

Step 6: Delta Migration

Data Migration Tool’s Delta mode migrates extra data, such as new orders and catalogue data, that may have changed after the previous settings and data migration were conducted.

To execute Delta Migration, use the following command in your terminal:

php bin/magento migrate:delta -a vendor/magento/data-migration-tool/etc/opensource-to-opensource/your_magento1_version/config.xml

Step 7: Test, Check, and Verify

After the transfer is complete, you must properly test your Magento-2 store. Take notice of the following points during the testing stage:

  • Make a list of all the Magento-1 features and compare them to Magento-2.
  • Ascertain if payment channels are operational and that funds may be received.
  • Ascertain that all shipping methods function properly.
  • Product, category, order, and customer information may all be viewed.
  • Examine your Magento-2 website from a user’s perspective.
  • Allow people to test your website.
  • Testing is critical since, ultimately, you want an error-free website that improves the user experience. The user despises incompetent websites.

Conclusion

Magento-1 to Magento-2 migration is not a simple procedure. It needs forethought and meticulous attention to detail. Maintain a log of the website’s traffic upon migration. Analyze the performance of your Magento-2 store. Not to mention, to avoid the mess, you can always hire the magento services.

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